In this article, we’ll review the two UI frameworks so that you can determine the one that best suits your use case in 2019 (and beyond).
Vue.js was created by Evan You, an ex-Googler, in February 2014. He was motivated by the desire to create a framework that encapsulates the best front-end development approaches so that web applications can be versatile, performant, and faster.
From the onset, Vue has been a true open source project, largely depending on the community, crowdfunding, and contributors to release new features. It operates under the MIT License.
On the other hand, React was created by a Facebook employee in 2011. Although it was initially designed to target some specific needs at Facebook, the framework was open-sourced in May 2013, making it freely available to the public. Currently, it also operates under the MIT License. The framework’s corporate backing, particularly from such a major player in the tech industry, has propelled its continuous development over the years. Here is a table that summarizes the status of Vue.js vs React in 2019.
React and Vue have well-designed architectural structures that make them useful in creating adaptable UIs and sophisticated single-page applications. Generally, the two frameworks are similar in scope with some shared features.
Here are some common features in both React and Vue:
Utilization of the virtual DOM to accelerate performance by avoiding heavy DOM manipulation;
Provision of reactive and composable view of components to enhance the development process;
Concentrating on the core library such that the concerns for state management, routing, and others are handled separately.
In spite of their similarities, there are subtle differences that make each framework to outshine the other in a number of ways.
On the other hand, Vue uses HTML templates by default—but it also offers support for JSX. The HTML-based templates make building Vue applications much easier, especially to developers who are already familiar with HTML.
As you can see above, starting to use Vue.js is much simpler. After providing a single script tag, you’ll be up and running. You can make the most of Vue’s features without having to learn JSX, build systems, or ES2015+. However, before you can start using React, you need to know how to use JSX and other technologies, something which steepens its learning curve.
Unlike React, Vue does not have any significant corporate backing. However, it also has an active community that is dedicated to making the framework easier to use. Nonetheless, when learning React, you’re likely to get quick community assistance than when learning Vue.
In terms of popularity, React beats Vue. According to the Stack Overflow’s Developer Survey 2019, React.js is the second-most popular web framework, at 31.3%. Vue.js is ranked 7th, at 15.2%.
Another ranking tool gives React an overall score of 96 and places it as the most popular web framework—while Vue is ranked 7th with a score of 91.
The demand for React in the job market is huge. Because it’s popularly used for creating front-end applications, it has a larger market share than Vue. Furthermore, since React Native allows for the creation of Android and iOS applications using the same React component architecture, developers with React skills are highly sought after.
Although Vue is also trying to venture into cross-platform development using Weex, a UI framework developed by the Alibaba Group, the technology is still immature and has not been battle-tried as React Native. The absence of robust cross-platform capabilities has greatly diminished Vue’s job prospects.
In fact, according to HackerRank’s 2019 Developer Skills Report, the hiring demand for Vue and React are at 18.47% and 38.38% respectively.
Furthermore, React developers also earn a higher salary than Vue developers. According to one survey, Vue developers make an average of $62,400 per year while React developers make an average of $73,600 per year.
On the other hand, if you are looking for a popular, mobile-friendly, and performant framework for developing complex applications, then React may best serve your needs.